27 July 2013

Kursk: The Order of Battle: Part 1

This month sees the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Kursk, so I have been reading a little, and thought I'd share some info distilled from the internet:

Order of Battle Kursk: Part 1 The German Forces
The Protagonists
The Germans' goal during Citadel was to pinch off a large salient in the Eastern Front that extended 70 miles toward the west.

Field Marshal Günther von Kluge's Army Group Center would attack from the north flank of the bulge, with Colonel General Walther Model's Ninth Army leading the effort, General Hans Zorn's XLVI Panzer Corps on the right flank and Maj. Gen. Josef Harpe's XLI Panzer Corps on the left.

General Joachim Lemelsen's XLVII Panzer Corps planned to drive toward Kursk and meet up with Field Marshal Erich von Manstein's Army Group South, Col. Gen. Hermann Hoth's Fourth Panzer Army and the Kempf Army, commanded by General Werner Kempf.

Opposing the German forces were the Soviet Central Front, led by General Konstantin K. Rokossovsky, and the Voronezh Front, led by General Nikolai F. Vatutin.

The Central Front, with the right wing strengthened by Lt. Gen. Nikolai P. Pukhov's Thirteenth Army and Lt. Gen. I.V. Galinin's Seventeenth Army, was to defend the northern sector.

 To the south, the Voronezh Front faced the German Army Group South with three armies and two in reserve. The Sixth Guards Army, led by Lt. Gen. Mikhail N. Chistyakov, and the Seventh Guards Army, led by Lt. Gen. M. S. Shumilov, held the center and left wing.

East of Kursk, Col. Gen. Ivan S. Konev's Steppe Military District (renamed Steppe Front on July 10, 1943) was to hold German breakthroughs, then mount the counteroffensive.

Grammatical note: 
"ß " is the German letter for the double "s "sound : "ss"; not pronounced as a "B"
I.e. It was General Walter Weiß (Weiss: (White); not Weib (which is Wife)

Part 1
German Commanders

Army Group Centre (Günther von Kluge)

§  2nd Panzer Army (Erich-Heinrich Clößner) 
§  9th Army (Walther Model)
§  2nd Army (Walter Weiß)
§  4 Army Group Reserve

Army Group South (Erich von Manstein)

§  4th Panzer Army (Hermann Hoth)
§  Army Detachment Kempf (Werner Kempf)
§  Army Group Reserve

  • Luftflotte 4 (4th Air Fleet: Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen)
    • VIII Fliegerkorps (8th Air Corps)
  •  Luftflotte 6 (6th Air Fleet: Robert Ritter von Greim) 
    • 1. Flieger Division (1st Air Division)



2nd Panzer Army 
(Erich-Heinrich Clößner)


XXXV Corps 
(Lothar Rendulic)


34th Infantry Division

LIII Corps (Friedrich Gollwitzer)

208th Infantry Division

25th Panzergrenadier Division

LV Corps (Erich Jaschke)

110th Infantry Division

9th Army (Walther Model)

XX Corps (Rudolf Freiherr von Roman)

45th Infantry Division

XLVI Panzer Corps (Hans Zorn)

7th Infantry Division

102nd Infantry Division

258th Infantry Division

XLI Panzer Corps (Josef Harpe)

18th Panzer Division

86th Infantry Division
292nd Infantry Division

XLVII Panzer Corps (Joachim Lemelsen)

2nd Panzer Division

9th Panzer Division

20th Panzer Division

6th Infantry Division

XXIII Corps (Johannes Frießner)

216th Infantry Division

78th Assault Division

Army Reserve

4th Panzer Division

10th Panzergrenadier Division

12th Panzer Division

2nd Army (Walter Weiß)

VII Corps (Ernst-Eberhard Hell)

26th Infantry Division

File:German soldiers with MG 34.jpg

68th Infantry Division
75th Infantry Division
88th Infantry Division

XIII Corps (Erich Straube)

82nd Infantry Division

327th Infantry Division

File:327th Infanterie-Division Logo.svg

340th Infantry Division

Army Group Reserve

5th Panzer Division

File:5th Panzer Division logo 3.svg

8th Panzer Division

File:8th Panzer Division logo 2.svg 


4th Panzer Army
(Hermann Hoth)

II Corps (Eugen Ott)

57th Infantry Division

255th Infantry Division
332nd Infantry Division

XLVIII Panzer Corps (Otto von Knobelsdorff)

3rd Panzer Division

11th Panzer Division

Panzergrenadier Division Großdeutschland

167th Infantry Division

File:Ww2 GermanDivision Infantry 164.jpg

II SS Panzer Corps (Paul Hausser)

1st SS Panzergrenadier Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler

2nd SS Panzergrenadier Division Das Reich

3rd SS Panzergrenadier Division Totenkopf

Army Detachment Kempf (Werner Kempf)

III Panzer Corps (Hermann Breith)

6th Panzer Division

7th Panzer Division

19th Panzer Division

168th Infantry Division

XI Army Corps (Erhard Raus)

106th Infantry Division

320th Infantry Division

File:320th Infanterie-Division Logo 2.svg

XLII Corps (Franz Mattenklott)

39th Infantry Division
161st Infantry Division
282nd Infantry Division

Army Group Reserve
XXIV Panzer Corps (Walter Nehring)

5th SS Panzergrenadier Division Wiking

17th Panzer Division

Luftflotte 4 (4th Air Fleet)

 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, Commander in chief
Otto Deßloch, Chief of staff - Air support for Army Group South
VIII Fliegerkorps (8th Air Corps)

Luftflotte 6 (6th Air Fleet)

Robert Ritter von Greim as commander in chief and Friedrich Kless as chief of staff
 Air support for Army Group Center
1. Flieger Division (1st Air Division)

  • Luftflotte 4 with:
  •  I. Fliegerkorps,
  • IV. Fliegerkorps, 
  • VIII. Fliegerkorps, 
  • Comandamentul Aviatiei de Luptã (Romanian Combat Aviation Command), 
  • 102. Repülődandár (Hungarian 102d Air Brigade), 
  • Seefliegerführer Schwarzes Meer.

 Assigned units on 5 Jul 1943:
Stab/FAGr. 4, 2.(F)/11, 2.(F)/22, 2.(F)/100, 4.(F)/122, 
1.(F)/Nacht, 4.(F)/Nacht, Westa 76, Stab/NAGr. 1 (with 1.(H)/41, 2./NAGr. 16?), Stab/NAGr. 6 (with 5.(H)/32, 2.(F)/33), Stab/NAGr. 9 (with 1.(H)/21, 7.(H)/32), Stab/NAGr. 14 (with 5.(H)/11, 5.(H)/41), II.,III./JG 3, Stab, I.,II.,III./JG 52, Stab, I.,II.,III./St.G. 2, Pz.Jäg.St./St.G. 2, Stab, I.,II.,III./St.G. 77, Stab, I.,II./Schl.G. 1, Führer d. Panzerjägerstaffeln (5 Hs 129B-2 Staffeln), Störkampfgruppe d. Lfl. 4, Stab, I.,II.,III./KG 27, 14.(Eis.)/KG 27, Stab, II.,III./KG 55, 14.(Eis.)/KG 55, I./KG 100, plus a large number of liaison, transport and med-evac units along with Romanian and Hungarian air units